Warning: Check These Symptoms Of Diabetes In Children Before It’s Too Late
We always want our children to be safe, secured, happy and active, but when it comes to an unwanted event, especially the one that related to their lives – such as diabetes; many questions occurred in our mind as parents. Diabetes in kids is quite a rare event, but sometimes, despite everything in your life, it happens. Are they dangerous? Will your child can have the same, normal childhood like any other kids? What are the symptoms of diabetes in children? Is child diabetes symptoms have the same symptoms as adult? Does my children developing diabetes? Can we prevent it?
Before we go too far with our mind’s questions, let hear some facts about childhood diabetes symptoms and events:
- It is a rare event that might occurred only 208,000 cases in the US that involves children and adolescents.
- There are two types of diabetes and the most common one that children may develop is diabetes type 1, its prevalence approximately 1.93 per 1000 adolescent, and also children, aside that, the previous data mentioned a rising up to 21%. Meanwhile, the type 2 diabetes has prevalence around 0.24 per 1,000 children. Moreover, the Journal of the American Medical Association stated that the events are continue rising.
- There are two type of diabetes, first, the diabetes type 1 – 95% of childhood diabetes are in this form; it happened as the result from lack of insulin – a hormone needed to convert sugar into energy for daily activities; due to pancreas cell damage. The other one is type 2 diabetes – this type is uncommon, although there is insulin produced by pancreas, but the insulin is not enough to cover all the glucose accumulation in their body. The type 1 diabetes is not caused by eating too much sugar nor obesity, but type 2 diabetes might.
- The long-term complications can occur in major organs such as eyes, kidneys, heart, nerves, and blood vessels. Your kid can develop retinopathy – a disease that will damage the small vessels in the eyes; cardiovascular disease, even kidney failure.
- The acute complications that is serious and leading to death called diabetic ketoacidosis may appear if the diabetes is left untreated.
Although the disease itself is “sweet” but the complications that may appear is simply not. Therefore, as parents, it is important to recognize the signs and symptoms of diabetes in kids in order to act immediately before it develop to complications and according to 2012 survey performed by Diabetes UK, only 14% parents can identify the main symptoms of childhood diabetes. Therefore, here are some tips to recognize the symptoms of early age diabetes:
- Frequent in urination
- Thirst that caused consuming more fluid more than usual, that happens daily – sometimes can lead to dehydration
- Weight loss
- Tiredness or extreme weakness
- Nausea and in some cases, might vomit
- The wounds are not healing well
Aside from that, there are numerous signs of diabetes in kids that might occur in addition to the symptoms, such as:
- Abdominal pain
- Abrupt vision changes
- The sweet, fruity breath odor
The signs and symptoms may not appear at once, but the majority of cases will show these signs and symptoms of childhood diabetes. Aside from that, the type 2 diabetes in children related to several risk factors, thus, it best for you to evaluate these risk factors that will increase your children in developing the type 2 diabetes.
- Female gender
- Unhealthy foods consumed daily
- Not performing enough physical activity
- Family history related to diabetes
So, what can parents do to reduce the risk of complications in children? Can we prevent the diabetes?
Diabetes type 1 cannot be prevented, since it is caused by a defect in the pancreatic cells, but diabetes type 2 may be prevented, although it is not always can be prevent. As parents, it is important to know about the best treatment to reduce complications in your children, there are a few important things that you have to do to ensure your child will have a long-life, and healthy life.
- You can monitor the blood sugar continuously – it is vital for you and your children to know how to measure the blood glucose, they should know and learn it, since it will be very useful for both of you in order to keep maintaining the normal blood glucose (Check our blood glucose monitors review).
- Learn to take oral medications when needed or administer the insulin injections – your children will not always be with you 24/7. Thus, it is very vital for them to learn how to administer their own medicine. Of course that this only applies if they are not an infant. But teach them as early as possible to handle the treatment well by themselves.
- See your doctor in regular basis, you don’t have to meet them all the time, but it is best to keep a routine visit to your doctor in order to ensure you children’s health.
- Properly maintain their diet, you can ask for a dietitian to assist you for this.
- Encourage them to do physical activities to lower their blood sugar level in the body.